- 1 Who won the second Persian invasion of Greece?
- 2 What happened to Themistocles?
- 3 Who was Themistocles and what did he do?
- 4 Why did Persia lose to Greece?
- 5 Did Sparta fight Athens?
- 6 Did Athens fall to Persian?
- 7 Did Themistocles kill Darius?
- 8 Who killed mardonius?
- 9 What do Greek soldiers keep as trophies?
- 10 Why was Aristides called the just?
- 11 What was the weakness of the Persian military?
- 12 Why was Themistocles a good leader?
- 13 Why did Sparta not like Athens?
- 14 Did Greece lose to Persia?
- 15 Why did Thebes side with Persia?
Who won the second Persian invasion of Greece?
The second Persian invasion of Greece (480–479 BC) occurred during the Greco- Persian Wars, as King Xerxes I of Persia sought to conquer all of Greece.
|Second Persian invasion of Greece|
|Date 480 BC–479 BC Location Greece Result Greek victory|
|Athens Sparta Other Greek city states||Achaemenid Empire|
What happened to Themistocles?
Themistocles died in 459 BC, probably of natural causes. His reputation was posthumously rehabilitated, and he was re-established as a hero of the Athenian (and indeed Greek) cause.
Who was Themistocles and what did he do?
Themistocles, (born c. 524 bce—died c. 460), Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce.
Why did Persia lose to Greece?
There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire. The first was the sheer tenacity of their soldiers. The Greeks simply wouldn’t accept the idea of being invaded by another country and they fought until they won.
Did Sparta fight Athens?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta —the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
Did Athens fall to Persian?
September 480 BC: Battle of Salamis Athens thus fell to the Persians; the small number of Athenians who had barricaded themselves on the Acropolis were eventually defeated, and Xerxes then ordered the destruction of Athens.
Did Themistocles kill Darius?
No. The true story behind 300: Rise of an Empire reveals that Themistocles did not kill Xerxes’s father, King Darius I of Persia ( Darius the Great), with an arrow at the Battle of Marathon. King Darius died approximately four years later in 486 BC of failing health.
Who killed mardonius?
Plataea and death of Mardonius Mardonius was killed in the ensuing battle by the Spartans (see Battle of Plataea). It is claimed by Herodotus and Plutarch a Plataean called Aeimnestus killed Mardonius. This led to his army breaking up.
What do Greek soldiers keep as trophies?
It consisted of captured arms and standards hung upon a tree or stake in the semblance of a man and was inscribed with details of the battle along with a dedication to a god or gods. After a naval victory, the trophy, composed of whole ships or their beaks, was laid out on the nearest beach.
Why was Aristides called the just?
The Ostracism of Aristides This Aristides had the nickname “ The Just ” because he was reputed to be so fair-minded. On the balloting day for an ostracism, an illiterate man from the countryside handed Aristides a potsherd, asking him to scratch on it the name of the man’s choice for ostracism.
What was the weakness of the Persian military?
Weaknesses: fewer soldiers; only 31/~200 poleis helped (others were neutral or sided with persians ); greek command structure wasn’t uniform (many different poleis = different commanders, who takes charge?)
Why was Themistocles a good leader?
Themistocles was an Athenian general during the Greco-Persian war who emphasized the use of the naval power and proved to be a solid example of good leadership. Themistocles was extremely confident in his opinion that Athens needed a strong, big navy.
Why did Sparta not like Athens?
While the Athenian city-state enjoyed a period of democracy, Sparta was a military culture. Although Athenian citizens enjoyed certain freedoms during the time of their democracy, the idea of who made up of a citizen was very strict. Basically, the two city-states didn’t understand each other.
Did Greece lose to Persia?
Athens and Eretria had sent a small fleet in support of the revolt, which Darius took as a pretext for launching an invasion of the Greek mainland. The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians ‘ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus).
Why did Thebes side with Persia?
When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.