- 1 Who did the 2 Greek city-states combine to fight against?
- 2 Which two city-states made up the Greek alliance?
- 3 What are the two cities that Philip’s army defeated in the Battle of chaeronea?
- 4 Did Xerxes conquer Greece?
- 5 Did the Macedonians defeat Sparta?
- 6 How many did 300 Spartans kill?
- 7 How did Pericles strengthen democracy?
- 8 What did Greek city states have in common?
- 9 Why did Sparta fight Athens?
- 10 Who killed Philip 2?
- 11 Why did Thebes side with Persia?
- 12 Why did Philip II need a navy to defeat the Greek city-states?
- 13 Did Xerxes think he was a god?
- 14 Why did Persia lose to Greece?
- 15 Why did Persia attack Greece?
Who did the 2 Greek city-states combine to fight against?
The differences between Athens and Sparta eventually led to war between the two city – states. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city – state was strong enough to conquer the others.
Which two city-states made up the Greek alliance?
Peloponnesian League, also called Spartan Alliance, military coalition of Greek city – states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc.
What are the two cities that Philip’s army defeated in the Battle of chaeronea?
Battle of Chaeronea, (August 338 bce), battle in Boeotia, central Greece, in which Philip II of Macedonia defeated a coalition of Greek city -states led by Thebes and Athens.
Did Xerxes conquer Greece?
In 480 BC, Xerxes personally led the second Persian invasion of Greece with one of the largest ancient armies ever assembled. Victory over the allied Greek states at the famous Battle of Thermopylae allowed the Persians to torch an evacuated Athens and overrun most of Greece.
Did the Macedonians defeat Sparta?
Alexander’s regent Antipater led the Macedonians to victory over King Agis III.
|Battle of Megalopolis|
|Date 331 BC Location Megalopolis37.4011°N 22.1422°ECoordinates:37.4011°N 22.1422°E Result Macedonian victory|
How many did 300 Spartans kill?
One of the all-time great stories of ancient history involved the defense of Thermopylae, when a narrow pass was held for three days against a vast Persian army by just 300 Spartans, 299 of whom perished.
How did Pericles strengthen democracy?
Pericles strengthened democracy by creating a direct democracy that had not existed before and by hiring more paid public officials. His policies were intended to make it possible for any person regardless of socioeconomic status to serve in the government.
What did Greek city states have in common?
Though the Greek city – states were fiercely independent, these city states did have many things in common. They worshipped the same gods, they spoke the same language, and they had the same cultural background. And in times of foreign invasion (such as the Persian wars), they would band together to fight a common foe.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.
Who killed Philip 2?
There Philip was assassinated by Pausanias, a young Macedonian noble with a bitter grievance against the young queen’s uncle Attalus and against Philip for denying him justice. This was the official explanation, and Pausanias himself could add nothing to it; he was killed on the spot.
Why did Thebes side with Persia?
When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.
Philip II was interested in conquering the Greek city – states south of Macedonia because he wanted to conquer the Persian Empire, but in order to conquer such a large empire he needed the help of the Greek city – states. He warned the Greeks that Philip was a threat to the Greek’s freedom.
Did Xerxes think he was a god?
The historical Xerxes probably did not consider himself a god, but he was a legend in his own time. He removed a golden statue from the temple of Zeus, desecrating the temple, something his father Darius did not dare to do.
Why did Persia lose to Greece?
There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire. The first was the sheer tenacity of their soldiers. The Greeks simply wouldn’t accept the idea of being invaded by another country and they fought until they won.
Why did Persia attack Greece?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.