What Was The Parthenon, And What Purposes(s) Did It Serve In Ancient Greece?

What was the Parthenon used for in ancient Greece?

The purpose of the Parthenon has changed over its 2,500-year history, beginning as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”). The temple was then used to store the Ottomans’ ammunition during a war with the Venetians, which is how an explosion led to the building’s ruin in 1687.

Why is the Parthenon so important?

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.

Why was the Parthenon built?

The Parthenon is part of the Acropolis of Athens in Athens, Greece. The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens. Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE.

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What is the function of the Acropolis?

Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a citadel, a mythical home of the gods, a religious center and a tourist attraction. It has withstood bombardment, massive earthquakes and vandalism yet still stands as a reminder of the rich history of Greece.

How is citizenship in the United States similar to citizenship in ancient Athens?

– In the US, citizens vote, while in ancient Athens, only the Council of 500 voted to pass laws. – In the US, citizens run the government, while in Athens, citizens elected officials to run the government.

Did slaves build the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built primarily by men who knew how to work marble. Slaves and foreigners worked together with the Athenian citizens in the building of the Parthenon, doing the same jobs for the same pay.

Is the Parthenon one of the 7 Wonders?

I don’t know much about Byzantine Athens, but the Parthenon was certainly an impressive architectural feat in antiquity—in fact, it was built by the same architect who sculpted the Olympian Zeus, which is one of the Seven Wonders (Phidias – Wikipedia ).

What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?

While both were built to honor gods, the Parthenon was built to honor Athena and the Pantheon was built to honor all of the Greek gods. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, was built between 447 and 432 B.C.E. during the aftermath of the Persian Wars to highlight the victory of the Greeks over the Persians.

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What are the main features of the Parthenon?

The Parthenon combines elements of the Doric and Ionic orders. Basically a Doric peripteral temple, it features a continuous sculpted frieze borrowed from the Ionic order, as well as four Ionic columns supporting the roof of the opisthodomos.

What were the two main purposes of the Parthenon?

The celebrated Greek statesman Pericles is credited with ordering the design and construction of the Parthenon as a temple for Athena—the goddess of wisdom, arts and literature and war—but it may not have been the first attempt to house the deity.

How did the Greeks show the gods important?

The Greeks, to show the gods how important they were, built temples in every town for one god or goddess. They were homes for statues of gods, which were cared for by priests. Religious ceremonies and festivals went on outside the temple.

How much would it cost to build the Parthenon today?

Parthenon. The Parthenon was constructed with approximately 100,000 tons of cut marble. With the average per ton cost of marble valued at $304 from the U.S. Geological Survey, we estimate the total materials to be around $30 million in costs.

What are 3 different areas of the Acropolis?

It is an amazing example of the Ionic architecture, composed of three different dimensions basic parts which are the main temple, the northern and the southern porches.

What is the most famous Acropolis?

The most famous acropolis is the one in Athens. The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.

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Why is the Acropolis in ruins?

In 480 BC, the temples on top of the Acropolis were destroyed by the Persians. They were left in ruins as a war memorial. The goddess Athena, the main patron deity of Athens, continued to be worshipped on the Acropolis, along with other gods and heroes.

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