- 1 How far is Eleusis from Athens?
- 2 Where was Eleusis in Greece?
- 3 Why was Eleusis destroyed?
- 4 When did Athens gain control over Eleusis?
- 5 Who went to Eleusis?
- 6 What did Cicero say about the mysteries?
- 7 Who is Hades in love with?
- 8 What did the eleusinian mysteries promise?
- 9 What happened Eleusis?
- 10 Are Hades and Persephone in love?
- 11 How long did the eleusinian mysteries last?
- 12 Why did Demeter decide to stay at Eleusis?
- 13 What was the subject matter for Greek tragedies?
- 14 What was Alcibiades accused of?
How far is Eleusis from Athens?
Eleusis is 22.5 kilometers (14 miles) west of Athens.
Where was Eleusis in Greece?
Situated in the fertile plain of Thria about 14 miles (23 km) west of Athens, opposite the island of Salamis, Eleusis was independent until the 7th century bc, when Athens annexed the city and made the Eleusinian Mysteries a major Athenian religious festival.
Why was Eleusis destroyed?
The site was destroyed during the Persian invasion of 479 BCE but rebuilt under Cimon. Another round of rebuilding was carried out in the 5th century BCE under Pericles, allowing Eleusis to boast the largest building in Greece when the Telesterion was rebuilt on an even bigger scale.
When did Athens gain control over Eleusis?
Under Peisistratos of Athens, the Eleusinian Mysteries became pan-Hellenic, and pilgrims flocked from Greece and beyond to participate. Around 300 BC, the state took over control of the Mysteries; they were controlled by two families, the Eumolpidae and the Kerykes.
Who went to Eleusis?
Eleusis was an egalitarian ritual. In its heyday, up to 3,000 initiates could be received at a time. And anyone could participate: men, women, slaves and even children. There were two conditions of entry: First, each initiate had to understand Greek.
What did Cicero say about the mysteries?
As the Roman philosopher Cicero wrote: ‘For among the many excellent and indeed divine institutions which your Athens has brought forth and contributed to human life, none, in my opinion, is better than those mysteries. ‘
Who is Hades in love with?
Hades, god of the Underworld, fell in love with Persephone and wanted her as his bride. His brother Zeus consented to the marriage?or at least refused to oppose it. Yet he warned Hades that Demeter would never approve this coupling, for she would not want her daughter spirited off to a sunless world.
What did the eleusinian mysteries promise?
“Happy is that one of mortal men who has seen these things…” Indeed, happiness in this life and in the next was the promise of the mysteries (secret initiation ceremonies). The prerequisites were simple enough: you had to have clean hands (no blood pollution), a pure heart and speak Greek.
What happened Eleusis?
According to the myth told in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the earth goddess Demeter (q.v.) went to Eleusis in search of her daughter Kore (Persephone), who had been abducted by Hades (Pluto), god of the underworld. Befriended by the royal family of Eleusis, she agreed to rear the queen’s son.
Are Hades and Persephone in love?
In the Underworld, Persephone had grown to love Hades, who treated her with compassion and loved her as his Queen. As she would have up in Olympus, she remained eternally beautiful in the Underworld. Hades admired her kind and nurturing nature.
How long did the eleusinian mysteries last?
The Mysteries at Eleusis, called ta Mysteria, lasted almost two thousand years, from approximately 1450 BCE to 392 CE. The Greater Mysteries were celebrated in the early fall at Athens and Eleusis, in the middle of the Greek month Boedromion (roughly equivalent to our September), near the time of the autumnal equinox.
Why did Demeter decide to stay at Eleusis?
Before her disappearance, Demeter had ordered that the people of Eleusis build for her a great temple and an altar below the town on the rising hill above the well Kallichoron; she promised to teach them her rites so that by performing them with reverence they might propitiate her heart.
What was the subject matter for Greek tragedies?
The first master of comedy was the playwright Aristophanes. Much later Menander wrote comedies about ordinary people and made his plays more like sit-coms. Tragedy: Tragedy dealt with the big themes of love, loss, pride, the abuse of power and the fraught relationships between men and gods.
What was Alcibiades accused of?
In the ensuing panic Alcibiades was accused of being the originator of the sacrilege as well as of having profaned the Eleusinian Mysteries. He demanded an immediate inquiry, but his enemies, led by Androcles (the successor of Hyperbolus), ensured that he sailed with the charge still hanging over him.