- 1 What is the function of Doryphoros?
- 2 What does the ancient Greek sculpture Doryphoros signify?
- 3 Why is the spear bearer important?
- 4 Why is polykleitos important?
- 5 What is the Greek canon of proportions?
- 6 What is the Greek expressionless face in sculpture called?
- 7 What is the Greek canon?
- 8 What is the front of a Greek temple called?
- 9 What was the actual name for the spear bearer Doryphoros )?
- 10 What is the weight shift stance featured in the spear bearer called?
- 11 Why are so many Greek statues actually Roman copies?
- 12 Who made polykleitos of Argos?
What is the function of Doryphoros?
34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
|made of white marble subtractive sculpture lifesize aprox. 84 in. (213 cm.)||for enjoyment: to showcase the beauty of the human body|
What does the ancient Greek sculpture Doryphoros signify?
The Doryphoros ( Greek Δορυφόρος Classical Greek Greek pronunciation: [dorypʰóros], “Spear-Bearer”; Latinised as Doryphorus) of Polykleitos is one of the best known Greek sculptures of classical antiquity, depicting a solidly built, muscular, standing warrior, originally bearing a spear balanced on his left shoulder.
Why is the spear bearer important?
The bronze Spear Bearer (c. 450–440 bce) by Greek sculptor Polyclitus, for example, achieved great renown for its perfect proportions and beauty. As a result, it was often copied in marble for Roman collectors in subsequent centuries.
Why is polykleitos important?
One of most important sculptors working in bronze in the 400s B.C., Polykleitos, along with Pheidias, created the Classical Greek style. Polykleitos was most famous for statues of gods and athletes cast in bronze, but he also created a huge gold and ivory cult statue of the goddess Hera for the city of Argos.
What is the Greek canon of proportions?
Canon of proportions: A set of ideal, mathematical ratios in art, especially sculpture, originally applied by the Egyptians and later the ancient Greeks to measure the various parts of the human body in relation to each other.
What is the Greek expressionless face in sculpture called?
A slightly smaller-than-life statue known as the Kritios Boy was dedicated to Athena by an athlete and found in the Perserchutt of the Athenian Acropolis. However, the face of the Kritios Boy is expressionless, which contradicts the naturalism seen in his body. This is known as the Severe style.
What is the Greek canon?
The Canon is a theoretical work that discusses ideal mathematical proportions for the parts of the human body and proposes for sculpture of the human figure a dynamic counterbalance—between the relaxed and tensed body parts and between the directions in which the parts move.
What is the front of a Greek temple called?
The main temple building sat within a larger precinct or temenos, usually surrounded by a peribolos fence or wall; the whole is usually called a “sanctuary”. The Acropolis of Athens is the most famous example, though this was apparently walled as a citadel before a temple was ever built there.
What was the actual name for the spear bearer Doryphoros )?
For the ancient Greeks, the human body was perfect. Explore this example of the mathematical source of ideal beauty.
What is the weight shift stance featured in the spear bearer called?
Contrapposto (Italian pronunciation: [kontrapˈposto]) is an Italian term that means “counterpoise”. It is used in the visual arts to describe a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot, so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs in the axial plane.
Why are so many Greek statues actually Roman copies?
Greek art was held in high regard by the ever-expanding Romans who set about conquering the Mediterranean and coming home with art and treasure from across the land. Roman artists copied many marble and bronze statues in order to meet popular demand, usually working in marble.
Who made polykleitos of Argos?
(213 cm.) Created by master sculptor Polykleitos of Argos (ca. 480/475–415 BCE), the Doryphoros, or Spear-Bearer, has long been regarded as an exemplum of male beauty as conceived of by the ancient Greeks.