- 1 Who destroyed ancient Greece?
- 2 Who destroyed Athens?
- 3 Who gave the people of Athens the olive tree?
- 4 Who was Themistocles and what did he do?
- 5 How tall was the average ancient Greek?
- 6 When did Greece rule the world?
- 7 Is Athens older than Rome?
- 8 Did Athens fall to Persian?
- 9 What caused the decline of Athens?
- 10 What is Athena’s greatest gift?
- 11 What does Olive mean in Greek?
- 12 Who is the God of olives?
- 13 Who was one of the most famous generals in ancient Greece?
- 14 What was the weakness of the Persian military?
- 15 What do Greek soldiers keep as trophies?
Who destroyed ancient Greece?
Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power. Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth.
Who destroyed Athens?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.
Who gave the people of Athens the olive tree?
Athena went second and offered an olive tree, a gift the citizens of Athens deemed useful and beautiful; therefore, she became the patron of the city, which was named after her.
Who was Themistocles and what did he do?
Themistocles, (born c. 524 bce—died c. 460), Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce.
How tall was the average ancient Greek?
The Metapontion necropolis revealed that the average height of adult males was between 162 and 165 cm, that of females between 153 and 156 cm, and with a body weight of approximately 60-65 kg for males and 50-55 kg for females; in other words, the findings of earlier examinations were soundly confirmed in this
When did Greece rule the world?
The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of history in the 8th century BC. Normally it is regarded as coming to an end when Greece fell to the Romans, in 146 BC. However, major Greek (or “Hellenistic”, as modern scholars call them) kingdoms lasted longer than this.
Is Athens older than Rome?
Athens, of course, is older than Rome, and was considered a big city in its times, but once again nothing compared with ancient Rome, with its 1,7 millions of inhabitants, 45,000+ private buildings, some of them 8-story high, and an extension of 95 square kilometers. The town itslef is much, much younger than Rome.
Did Athens fall to Persian?
September 480 BC: Battle of Salamis Athens thus fell to the Persians; the small number of Athenians who had barricaded themselves on the Acropolis were eventually defeated, and Xerxes then ordered the destruction of Athens.
What caused the decline of Athens?
Some of the most influential factors that affected Athens ‘ rise and fall were their form of government, their leadership, and their arrogance. Athens ‘ democracy greatly affected their rise and collapse because it helped them rise to power, but it also caused them to make bad choices, leading to their fall.
What is Athena’s greatest gift?
It was determined that it was she who had the right to own the land because she had given the city the greatest gift: the first olive tree. Thenceforth, the city adopted the name of Athens and the olive tree planted by Athena was revered for centuries in the Acropolis symbolising the victory.
What does Olive mean in Greek?
The Olive tree is one of the most beloved, sacred trees and its place is firmly rooted in Ancient Greek tradition and mythology. Traditionally, the Olive tree is a symbol of peace and friendship, this association began in ancient Greece, as early as the fifth century.
Who is the God of olives?
|Aristaeus by François Joseph Bosio (1768–1845), (Musée du Louvre)|
|Parents||Apollo and Cyrene|
Who was one of the most famous generals in ancient Greece?
Alexander the Great is famous for being one of the greatest military generals the world has ever seen.
What was the weakness of the Persian military?
Weaknesses: fewer soldiers; only 31/~200 poleis helped (others were neutral or sided with persians ); greek command structure wasn’t uniform (many different poleis = different commanders, who takes charge?)
What do Greek soldiers keep as trophies?
It consisted of captured arms and standards hung upon a tree or stake in the semblance of a man and was inscribed with details of the battle along with a dedication to a god or gods. After a naval victory, the trophy, composed of whole ships or their beaks, was laid out on the nearest beach.