Quick Answer: What Was The Purpose Of The Acropolis In Ancient Greece?

What was the main purpose of the Acropolis?

The Acropolis was originally seen as a fortress. It was meant to protect Athens from attacks. As the years went on, the people of Athens saw another purpose for the Acropolis. They wanted it to be a beautiful symbol of Athens.

Why was the Acropolis important to the Athenians?

The Acropolis in Athens was a fortress and military base during the Neolithic period, due to its position which offers a great view of the land and the sea. During the Mycenaean times, it became a religious center, dedicated to the worship of the goddess Athena.

What does the Acropolis symbolize?

The Acropolis, and the Parthenon in particular, is the most iconic monument of the ancient Greek civilisation. It continues to stand as a symbol in many ways: it is the symbol of democracy and the Greek civilisation. It also symbolises the beginning of Western civilisation and stands as the icon of European culture.

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What happened at the Acropolis in Greece?

The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians during the Morean War when gunpowder being stored in the Parthenon by the Ottomans was hit by a cannonball and exploded. Acropolis of Athens.

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Area 3.04 ha
Buffer zone 116.71 ha

What is so special about the Acropolis?

The Acropolis also features the Temple of Athena Nike, the Erechtheion temple and the impressive entryway called the Propylaea. The Acropolis served as a citadel, a fortress for citizens during times when the city was under attack, as well as a place honoring the Greek gods, with the temples, ceremonies and shrines.

Why is the Acropolis in ruins?

In 480 BC, the temples on top of the Acropolis were destroyed by the Persians. They were left in ruins as a war memorial. The goddess Athena, the main patron deity of Athens, continued to be worshipped on the Acropolis, along with other gods and heroes.

Who destroyed Acropolis?

Another monumental temple was built towards the end of the 6th century, and yet another was begun after the Athenian victory over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C. However, the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.).

Why was Acropolis built on a hilltop?

The Athenian acropolis, located on a craggy, walled hill, was built as a home of Athena, the patron goddess of the city.

Who was Athena and why was she important to Athens?

Athena was a patron of the arts and crafts, especially when it came to spinning and weaving. In later poetry, Athena embodied wisdom and rational thought. Athena served as a guardian of Athens, where the Parthenon served as her temple. Zeus trusted her to wield the aegis and his thunderbolt.

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What is the Greek government called?

Government of Greece (officially: Government of the Hellenic Republic; also Greek Government or Hellenic Government) is the government of the Third Hellenic Republic, reformed to its better present form in 1974. The head of government is the Prime Minister of Greece.

What is the difference between the Acropolis and the Parthenon?

Acropolis is the area the Parthenon sits on. What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.

What is Athens famous for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

Who lived at the Acropolis?

The first inhabitants we can trace to the Acropolis of Athens were Mycenaean Kings who fortified the rock with massive eight-meter tall walls, and built their palaces there in the 14th century BCE.

Why was Sparta economically inferior to Athens?

Unlike Athens, Sparta’s economy depended on conquering other people and farming. Because most of the Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, Sparta used slaves to produce it’s goods. Sparta conquered other neighboring regions. The people living in it’s neighboring regions became Sparta’s slaves.

How did the Acropolis get destroyed?

On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.

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Parthenon
Completed 432 BC
Destroyed Partially on 26 September 1687
Height 13.72 m (45.0 ft)
Dimensions

16 

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