Quick Answer: What Was The Main Reason Greece Won The Peloponnesian Wars?

Who won the Peloponnesian War and why?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. The first was the drain of fighting Sparta, Sparta’s allies, Corinth, and Thebes. According to Hansen in A War Like No Other, one reason Athens lost was because it fought not just Sparta, but also Sparta’s Peloponnesian alliance, as well as Corinth and Thebes.

How did the Peloponnesian War end?

Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded.

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What were the three main causes of the Peloponnesian War?

Thucydides on the Cause of the Peloponnesian War

  • Sparta was jealous of other powers and desired more power for itself.
  • Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the military glory.
  • Athen bullied its allies and neutral cities.
  • There was a conflict among city-states between competing political ideologies.

Who is to blame for the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta had practice of keeping the populations of those they had conquered in a state of serfdom [1]. This would support his view point, however this view has a folly. Thucydides, an Athenian general during the war who later wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War, also blames Sparta for starting the war.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

Did Athens fall to Sparta?

The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire. It continued to exist under a series of tyrants and then a democracy. Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

What made Athens so rich?

The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed.

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Was Athens or Sparta better?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

Did Sparta ever lose a war?

The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.

Who won the 1st Peloponnesian War?

The Athenians were defeated in 454 BC by the Persians in Egypt which caused them to enter into a five years’ truce with Sparta. First Peloponnesian War.

Date 460–445 BC
Result Arrangement between Sparta and Athens ratified by the “Thirty Years’ Peace”

Did Spartans really exist?

Sparta is a city in Laconia, on the Peloponnese in Greece. Sparta reached the height of its power in 404 B.C. after its victory against Athens in the second Peloponnesian war. When it was in its prime, Sparta had no city walls; its inhabitants, it seems, preferred to defend it with men rather than mortar.

What eventually happened to Sparta in 146 BC?

The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of Greeks died, the city-states’ military and economic power were weakened for 50 years.

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What were the causes and effects of the Persian wars?

The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius, the Persian king, wanted to expand their empire. King Darius was humiliated and wanted to continue on which caused the series of wars. Effect. The wars with the Persians affected ancient Greece greatly.

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