Quick Answer: What Effect Did The Battle Of Marathon Have On Greece?

How did the battle of Marathon change history?

Marathon did not end the wars against Persia, but was the first turning point in establishing the success of the Greek, and specifically Athenian way, which would eventually give rise to all western culture as we know it. Thus, according to some, Marathon is the most important battle in history.

What was the significance of the Battle of Marathon?

The Battle of Marathon was significant because it proved to the Greeks that the Persians were not ‘invincible’, which boosted the moral of the Greek troops, increasing their confidence to incline themselves in a common cause if the Persian attacked again (which they would).

What advantage did the Greek army have at the Battle of Marathon?

The Greeks held an advantage at Marathon in the equipment of their infantry. An Athenian hoplite carried a heavy, 9-foot spear, wore a solid breastplate and carried an almost body-length shield. The Persian infantryman, in contrast, wore little more than robes and carried a shorter sword and a wicker or cane shield.

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How did Greece win the battle of Marathon?

According to Herodotus’ account, the flanks of the Athenian army defeated the Persians, and then engulfed the Persians in the center. The Athenians won the battle, killing an estimated 6,400 Persians while losing only 192 men (these numbers were likely exaggerated by Herodotus).

What happened after Battle of Marathon?

Consequences. The defeat at Marathon was a decisive victory that marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece. The Persian force retreated to Asia. Darius then began raising a huge new army with which he meant to completely subjugate Greece.

Why didn’t the Spartans attend the Battle of Marathon?

The Spartans were not at Marathon … Although the Spartans promised to send military aid to the Athenians, their laws stated they could only do so after the full moon had passed. Their aid thus arrived too late to help the Athenian army.

What happened during the Battle of Marathon?

Battle of Marathon, (September 490 bce), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle fought on the Marathon plain of northeastern Attica in which the Athenians, in a single afternoon, repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece.

Which of the following affects was a direct result of the Battle of Marathon?

Explanation: After departing from the Marathon, the Persian fleet headed straight for Athens. The Athenian commanders discovered the plan of the Persians, and the Athenian army immediately went back and arrived at Athens in an accelerated march before supporters of the Persians could realize their plans.

Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising?

Why was the Greek victory at Marathon so surprising? Because the Persian empire was expected to win because it was so much larger than Greece. The Greeks and persians fought at Plataea. After the Greek victory the threat from the Persian Empire was finally over.

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What was the Battle of Marathon and why was it important?

The defeat at Marathon marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece, and the Persian force retreated to Asia. The Battle of Marathon was a watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, showing the Greeks that the Persians could be beaten; the eventual Greek triumph in these wars can be seen to have begun at Marathon.

What did Spartans value most?

The Spartans valued discipline, obedience, and courage above all else. Spartan men learned these values at an early age, when they were trained to be soldiers.

What did Athenians value most?

While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.

Did Greece defeat the Persian army?

In 480 BC, Xerxes personally led the second Persian invasion of Greece with one of the largest ancient armies ever assembled. The following year, the confederated Greeks went on the offensive, decisively defeating the Persian army at the Battle of Plataea, and ending the invasion of Greece by the Achaemenid Empire.

Who defeated King Darius at the Battle of Marathon?

The Battle on the plain of Marathon in September 490 BCE between Greeks and the invading forces of Persian king Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE) was a victory that would go down in folklore as the moment the Greek city-states showed the world their courage and excellence and won their liberty.

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Why did Persia invade Greece?

The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. Darius also saw the opportunity to extend his empire into Europe, and to secure its western frontier.

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