Quick Answer: How Did The Peloponesian War Effect Anceint Greece?

What happened to Greece after the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4th century BCE.

Why did the Peloponnesian War weaken Greece?

After the war, all Greek city-states were weakened because they lost economic power. Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War? Because their economy was destroyed, their crops trampled and lost, citites were ruined, and the population was destroyed by plague and fighting.

Why is the Peloponnesian War important?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

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What was the most significant effect of the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost its empire and influence as a model of democracy was the most significant effect of the Peloponnesian War.

Did Athens beat Sparta?

Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

Why did Athens lose the war?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami, Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Who is to blame for the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta had practice of keeping the populations of those they had conquered in a state of serfdom [1]. This would support his view point, however this view has a folly. Thucydides, an Athenian general during the war who later wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War, also blames Sparta for starting the war.

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What were the causes and the effects of the Peloponnesian War?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.

Who destroyed Sparta?

A century-long decline followed. Sparta’s continued agitation spurred Rome’s war on the Achaeans (146) and the Roman conquest of the Peloponnese. In 396 ce the modest city was destroyed by the Visigoths.

Who started the Peloponnesian War?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of Greeks died, the city-states’ military and economic power were weakened for 50 years.

What would happen if Athens won the Peloponnesian War?

Quite simply, if Athens wins the Peloponnesian War, I think it gives them control of Hellas to the extent that they are able to coalesce all of Greece into single political entity — much as Rome was able to do with Italy in OTL. It also means that the Greeks would have most likely attacked Persia sooner.

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