Question: What Does Oligarchy Mean In Ancient Greece?

What does oligarchy mean in Greek?

Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

What is oligarchy in simple terms?

Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies.

Why did oligarchy end in ancient Greece?

The Athenian coup of 411 BC was the result of a revolution that took place during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. The coup overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as the Four Hundred.

Where was oligarchy used in ancient Greece?

As you can see, the oligarchy was a fairly common form of government in Ancient Greece. One of the most popularly known oligarchies existed in Athens and in the surrounding region of Attica.

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What is a synonym for oligarchy?

In this page you can discover 18 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for oligarchy, like: diarchy, thearchy, theocracy, duarchy, duumvirate, ruling-classes, aristocracy, triumvirate, regency, gerontocracy and autocracy.

Where does the term oligarchy come from?

Oligarchy ” means government of and by a few at the top, who exercise power for their own benefit. It comes from the Greek word oligarkhes, meaning “few to rule or command.”

What are the two types of oligarchies?

What are two types of oligarchies? national and state.

Can oligarchy be like a dictatorship?

An oligarchy can also mean that a few people control the country. A junta often operates much like a dictatorship, except that several people share power.

What are the features of oligarchy?

An oligarchy is a power structure that allows a few businesses, families, or individuals to rule. Those few ruling members have enough power to create policies that benefit them to the exclusion of the rest of society. Three of the most well-known countries with oligarchies are Russia, China, and Iran.

How did the Spartan oligarchy work?

A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people. The Spartan government was divided into two bodies: the Gerousia, or council of elders, and the Apella, or assembly. The Gerousia was similar to the Council of 500, and the Apella was similar to the Assembly in Athens.

When did Rome become an oligarchy?

In the fifth century B.C., its government changed from that of one-man rule to an oligarchy in which a small group of individuals held the power. This group was made up of magistrates (called sufets), generals, and a council of nobles.

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Who ruled oligarchy in ancient Greece?

By 800 B.C.E., most of the Greek city-states were no longer ruled by kings. In an oligarchy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of two to three rich men, usually called oligarchs or kings. The word oligarchy comes from the Greek root words oligos (which means “few”) and arkhein (which means “rule”).

Who was the first king of ancient Greece?

… (1833) under Greece’s first king, Otto.

How long was Athens an oligarchy?

Their efforts, initially conducted through constitutional channels, culminated in the establishment of an oligarchy, the Council of 400, in the Athenian coup of 411 BCE. The oligarchy endured for only four months before it was replaced by an even more democratic government.

How was oligarchy government practiced in ancient Greece?

Oligarchy. For the Greeks (or more particularly the Athenians) any system which excluded power from the whole citizen-body and was not a tyranny or monarchy was described as an oligarchy. Oligarchies were perhaps the most common form of city-state government and they often occurred when democracy went wrong.

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