- 1 How was each Greek city-state unique?
- 2 What were the main differences among the various forms of government in the Greek city states?
- 3 Did the Greek city states get along?
- 4 How is Athens different from other Greek city states?
- 5 What are the 5 Greek city states?
- 6 Which Greek city state was considered the most powerful?
- 7 What does oligarchy mean?
- 8 What is the difference between modern and ancient Greek democracy?
- 9 What did the ancient Greek invent that we still use today?
- 10 Why did Sparta fight Athens?
- 11 What did Greek city states have in common?
- 12 Why is Sparta better than Athens?
- 13 How were Athens and Sparta different in education?
- 14 What was a benefit of the city-states?
- 15 Who had a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?
How was each Greek city-state unique?
Each city – state, or polis, had its own government. Some city states were monarchies ruled by kings or tyrants. Others were oligarchies ruled by a few powerful men on councils. The city of Athens invented the government of democracy and was ruled by the people for many years.
What were the main differences among the various forms of government in the Greek city states?
There were three main types of government:
- Democracy – A government ruled by the people, or assembly. Officials and leaders were elected and all citizens had a say.
- Monarchy – A single ruler like a king. In Athens this ruler was called a Tyrant.
- Oligarchy – When the government is ruled by a small group.
Did the Greek city states get along?
Collectively, the city – states of ancient Greece qualify as a civilization – a very great civilization! The Greek city – states did, on occasion, team up against a common foe. They also went to war with each other, unless the Olympic Games were in progress.
How is Athens different from other Greek city states?
The culture of Athens differed from other Greek city – states by the way that Athenians valued knowledge and learning. Athens was also a democracy, unlike several other Greek city – states. Athens’s main focus was educating boys and young men and for them to take an active role in pubic affairs.
What are the 5 Greek city states?
Although there were numerous city – states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.
Which Greek city state was considered the most powerful?
Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city – states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.
What does oligarchy mean?
Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) ‘few’, and ἄρχω (arkho) ‘to rule or to command’) is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.
What is the difference between modern and ancient Greek democracy?
The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern -day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens.
What did the ancient Greek invent that we still use today?
The Alarm Clock (water clock) An invention that society be lost without, the alarm clock’s origins began in ancient Greece in the 3rd century BC. Over time, the alarm clock has undergone a number of changes and improvements from the mechanical alarm to modern gadgets like cell phones, which come with an inbuilt alarm.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.
What did Greek city states have in common?
Though the Greek city – states were fiercely independent, these city states did have many things in common. They worshipped the same gods, they spoke the same language, and they had the same cultural background. And in times of foreign invasion (such as the Persian wars), they would band together to fight a common foe.
Why is Sparta better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
How were Athens and Sparta different in education?
In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. Children were trained in music, art, literature, science, math, and politics. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. They studied science and math.
What was a benefit of the city-states?
Advantages and Disadvantages of city – states as a form if government? Advantages: small, easy to control, centralized. Disadvantages: controlled little territory, many rivals/more conflict.
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.