- 1 Why did Philip of Macedonia conquer Greece?
- 2 What did Philip II of Macedonia want to do?
- 3 When did Philip II conquer Greece?
- 4 Why did Philip the second invade Greece?
- 5 How did Philip become king of Macedonia?
- 6 Did Macedonia conquer Greece?
- 7 Who killed Philip 2?
- 8 Who was the king of Macedonia?
- 9 Who accomplished Philip II’s military goal?
- 10 What were three items traded by Greek merchants?
- 11 Did Alexander kill Philip?
- 12 Why didn’t Persia conquer Greece?
- 13 How did Philip of Macedon become so powerful?
- 14 What caused the war between Athens and Sparta?
Why did Philip of Macedonia conquer Greece?
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.
What did Philip II of Macedonia want to do?
Philip assumed the Macedonian throne for himself at the age of 23 in 359 BCE. His immediate concern was twofold: to safeguard Macedonia’s borders and reorganize the army. His major foes were the Illyrians (whom he would eventually defeat in 359 BCE) and the Athenians.
When did Philip II conquer Greece?
Expansion of Macedonia under Philip II
|Location||Thrace, Illyria, Greece, Asia Minor|
|Result||Macedonia expands to dominate Ancient Greece and the southern Balkans|
Why did Philip the second invade Greece?
He wanted to reorganize Greece, not to destroy it. What he needed was a safe southern border, so that he could leave Europe and invade the Achaemenid Empire. Philip knew that a Persian ruler always needed some time to secure his position, and understood that there never had been a better opportunity to invade Asia.
How did Philip become king of Macedonia?
The deaths of Philip’s elder brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III, allowed him to take the throne in 359 BC. Originally appointed regent for his infant nephew Amyntas IV, who was the son of Perdiccas III, Philip succeeded in taking the kingdom for himself that same year.
Did Macedonia conquer Greece?
During the reign of the Argead king Philip II (359–336 BC), Macedonia subdued mainland Greece and the Thracian Odrysian kingdom through conquest and diplomacy. During Alexander’s subsequent campaign of conquest, he overthrew the Achaemenid Empire and conquered territory that stretched as far as the Indus River.
Who killed Philip 2?
There Philip was assassinated by Pausanias, a young Macedonian noble with a bitter grievance against the young queen’s uncle Attalus and against Philip for denying him justice. This was the official explanation, and Pausanias himself could add nothing to it; he was killed on the spot.
Who was the king of Macedonia?
Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who, as King of Macedonia and Persia, established the largest empire the ancient world had ever seen.
Who accomplished Philip II’s military goal?
Alexander the Great – Rise to Power At Chaeronea in 338, Philip’s army fought against a large assembly of Greek forces. Using a feigned retreat that created openings for his cavalry, Philip won a great victory over the Greeks.
What were three items traded by Greek merchants?
Traded goods Common goods were grains, wine, olives, cheese, honey, meat and tools. In many parts of the world, people wanted beautiful Greek pottery. This pottery has been found as far away as the western coast of Africa. Other popular Greek goods were wine, olives, olive oil and marble.
Did Alexander kill Philip?
No, Alexander the Great did not kill his father. His father was assassinated in 336 B.C. when Alexander was only 20 years old. He did not kill Philip II but he did blame the Persians.
Why didn’t Persia conquer Greece?
Logistics. The Persians had an immense number of mouths to feed and an immensely long supply line. They could keep a giant army in Greece for only a few months, and once they reduced it to something approximating what the Greeks could field, the Greeks had all the advantages.
How did Philip of Macedon become so powerful?
Phillip II built up a series of alliances with his neighbors, and he became even more influential after he managed to defeat a large Scythian army. Phillip controlled much of the Balkans by 340 BCE. Rich mines were discovered in Macedonia, and Phillip used his wealth to bribe his enemies and purchase allies.
What caused the war between Athens and Sparta?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.