FAQ: Why Were The Cities Built On Hills In Greece?

Why did Greeks build cities on hills?

Defence – any attacking force must do so uphill (a lot harder) and, where possible, the walls were on the edges of cliffs. This gave defenders a natural advantage – they were almost immune to hurled weapons, but could inflict more damage on the attackers.

Why was the Acropolis built on a hill?

The Athenian acropolis, located on a craggy, walled hill, was built as a home of Athena, the patron goddess of the city.

Why temples are built on hills?

The reason for most of the temples being built amongst mountains is because it is assumed that in olden days, Hindu Gods and Goddesses went to the mountains to meditate, to introspect, to attain ascetic powers and to engage in rigorous disciplined self mortification.

Why were mountains important in ancient Greece?

The mountains, which served as natural barriers and boundaries, dictated the political character of Greece. The mountains prevented large-scale farming and impelled the Greeks to look beyond their borders to new lands where fertile soil was more abundant.

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What was a typical Greek city state like?

A city – state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city – state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.

Who is the patron god of Sparta?

Sparta worshipped Ares and Artemis Orthia as their patron deities. 3 major festivals of Sparta namely Hyacinthia, Gymnopaedia and Carnea were celebrated in the honor of Apollo.

What happened to the Acropolis?

There’s no recorded history of what happened at the Acropolis before the Mycenaeans cultivated it during the end of the Bronze Age. In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis.

What are 3 different areas of the Acropolis?

It is an amazing example of the Ionic architecture, composed of three different dimensions basic parts which are the main temple, the northern and the southern porches.

Did slaves build the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built primarily by men who knew how to work marble. Slaves and foreigners worked together with the Athenian citizens in the building of the Parthenon, doing the same jobs for the same pay.

Why do we sit in Temple?

Devout Hindus make it a point to invariably sit for a while in a Temple after saluting God for the simple reason that, when God is protecting all people, their money and property, it is the duty of people visiting temples to sit for a while and repay God by taking care of the temple at least for a few minutes.

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Which is the oldest temple in the world?

Göbekli Tepe was founded about 11,500 years ago. It is arguably the world’s oldest known temple.

Why do we visit temples?

A temple is the place where a devotee tries to remain free from the perception of evil of birth, death old age, disease and entanglement with children, wife, home and the rest of the world. The main motive is to do worship and every other thing becomes unimportant.

What are the 3 peninsulas of ancient Greece?

The natural geographical formations of ancient Greece helped form three distinct regions-the Peloponnese, Central Greece, and Northern Greece. The Peloponnese is situated on the southernmost area of the peninsula.

How did the mountains impact Greek life?

Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. They grew grapes and olives, and raised sheep, goats, pigs, and chickens.

How did the mountains protect Greece?

The mountains also formed natural barriers between the major city-states. The tallest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus. The Ancient Greeks believed that their gods (the Twelve Olympians) lived at the top of Mount Olympus. The Aegean Sea is home to over 1000 islands.

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