- 1 Why was the Greek Parthenon built?
- 2 What happened to the Acropolis?
- 3 What is the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?
- 4 Why is the Parthenon so important?
- 5 Why was the Parthenon destroyed?
- 6 What is so special about the Parthenon?
- 7 What is the most famous Acropolis?
- 8 Who destroyed Acropolis?
- 9 Did slaves build the Parthenon?
- 10 How much is entry to the Acropolis?
- 11 How much did Lord Elgin pay for the Elgin marbles?
- 12 Who gave Lord Elgin permission to take the marbles?
Why was the Greek Parthenon built?
The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.
What happened to the Acropolis?
There’s no recorded history of what happened at the Acropolis before the Mycenaeans cultivated it during the end of the Bronze Age. In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis.
What is the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?
Acropolis is the area the Parthenon sits on. What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.
Why is the Parthenon so important?
Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.
Why was the Parthenon destroyed?
On 26 September 1687 Morosini fired, one round scoring a direct hit on the powder magazine inside the Parthenon. The ensuing explosion caused the cella to collapse, blowing out the central part of the walls and bringing down much of Phidias’ frieze.
What is so special about the Parthenon?
The Parthenon is surely the most important monument of ancient Greece and is one of the most famous in the world. It was the most sacred of monuments, and was famous in antiquity as a Greek architectural masterpiece. The monument was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.
What is the most famous Acropolis?
The most famous acropolis is the one in Athens. The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.
Who destroyed Acropolis?
Another monumental temple was built towards the end of the 6th century, and yet another was begun after the Athenian victory over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C. However, the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.).
Did slaves build the Parthenon?
Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves
How much is entry to the Acropolis?
The cost of entrance to the Acropolis is about 20 euros and is good for the other sites in the area including the ancient agora, theatre of Dionysos, Kerameikos, Roman Agora, Tower of the Winds and the Temple of Olympian Zeus and is supposedly good for a week. You can also buy individual tickets to these other sites.
How much did Lord Elgin pay for the Elgin marbles?
The excavation and removal was completed in 1812 at a personal cost to Elgin of around £70,000 (equivalent to £4,430,000 in 2016 pounds). Elgin intended to use the marbles to decorate Broomhall House, his private home near Dunfermline in Scotland, but a costly divorce suit forced him to sell them to settle his debts.
Who gave Lord Elgin permission to take the marbles?
The objects were removed from the Parthenon at Athens and from other ancient buildings and shipped to England by arrangement of Thomas Bruce, 7th Lord Elgin, who was British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (1799–1803).