- 1 Why did the Persians invade Greece?
- 2 What did the Persians want from the Greeks?
- 3 Why did the Persian Empire want to conquer Athens?
- 4 Did the Persians succeed in invading Greece?
- 5 Why did the Persians fail to invade Greece?
- 6 What ended Sparta?
- 7 Did Athens fall to Persian?
- 8 Why did Thebes side with Persia?
- 9 What if Persia won the Persian War?
- 10 Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
- 11 What did the Persian Immortals look like?
Why did the Persians invade Greece?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. These cities had supported the cities of Ionia during their revolt against Persian rule, thus incurring the wrath of Darius.
What did the Persians want from the Greeks?
The other Greek cities sent ships and weapons, but were quickly defeated. The Persians didn’t like this and decided to conquer the rest of the Greek cities in order to keep them under control. Darius I, King of Persia, decided he wanted to conquer the Greeks in 490 BC.
Why did the Persian Empire want to conquer Athens?
Asia Minor had been brought back into the Persian fold, but Darius had vowed to punish Athens and Eretria for their support for the revolt. Moreover, seeing that the political situation in Greece posed a continued threat to the stability of his Empire, he decided to embark on the conquest of all Greece.
Did the Persians succeed in invading Greece?
With this double defeat, the invasion was ended, and Persian power in the Aegean severely dented. The Greeks would now move to the offensive, eventually expelling the Persians from Europe, the Aegean islands and Ionia before the war finally came to an end in 479 BC.
Why did the Persians fail to invade Greece?
The persian army or cavalry could not be fully developped, they had to break the army in pieces which the much better equipped and trained greek army could fight. Therefore they lost all privilege of their enormous army.
What ended Sparta?
The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.
Did Athens fall to Persian?
While the battle raged at Thermopylae, the Persian fleet attacked the Greek navy, with both sides losing many ships. Xerxes’ army, aided by northern Greeks who had joined it, marched south. In September the Persians burned Athens, which, however, by that time had been evacuated.
Why did Thebes side with Persia?
When Xerxes invaded Greece in 480 BC the Thebans had decided to side with the Persians. As Xerxes moved south, Thebes publicly supported him, and as a result Boeotia was left untouched as the Persians marched into Attica. The Persians then suffered a naval defeat at Salamis, and Xerxes decided to return home.
What if Persia won the Persian War?
If Persia had won the Persians wars. Athens would have been burned to the ground and it would have never been rebuild. The ideas and the athletic spirit inspired by the Olympic games would have perished since the Marathon runner would have died in the combat with the Persians.
Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
Darius was a member of the royal bodyguard of Cambyses II, the son and heir of Cyrus the Great who ruled for several years before dying mysteriously in 522.
What did the Persian Immortals look like?
These Immortals wear Mengu-style metal masks, appear to be inhuman or disfigured, and carry a pair of swords closely resembling Japanese wakizashis. The History Channel documentary Last Stand of the 300 also features the Immortals as part of the reconstruction of the Thermopylae battle.