FAQ: What Were There Differences The Two Main City States In Greece?

What were the differences between Greek city-states?

Each city – state ruled itself. They differed greatly from the each other in governing philosophies and interests. For example, Sparta was ruled by two kings and a council of elders. It emphasized maintaining a strong military, while Athens valued education and art.

What were two major city-states in ancient Greece?

Some of the most important city-states were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and Delphi. Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.

What were the main differences among the various forms of government in the Greek city-states?

There were three main types of government:

  • Democracy – A government ruled by the people, or assembly. Officials and leaders were elected and all citizens had a say.
  • Monarchy – A single ruler like a king. In Athens this ruler was called a Tyrant.
  • Oligarchy – When the government is ruled by a small group.
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What were the differences between the two city-states of Athens and Sparta?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city – states. Moreover, Athens ‘ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.

What are the 5 Greek city states?

Although there were numerous city – states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.

What did Greek city states have in common?

Though the Greek city – states were fiercely independent, these city states did have many things in common. They worshipped the same gods, they spoke the same language, and they had the same cultural background. And in times of foreign invasion (such as the Persian wars), they would band together to fight a common foe.

What is the best Greek city-state?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city – state in all of ancient Greece. They recognized that other city – states had value and were Greek, but they were the best.

What was a benefit of the city-states?

Advantages and Disadvantages of city – states as a form if government? Advantages: small, easy to control, centralized. Disadvantages: controlled little territory, many rivals/more conflict.

How many states are in Greece?

The country is divided into 13 first-level administrative divisions called peripheries ( Greek: περιφέρειες), a kind of regions or provinces.

What is Greek word for city-state?

Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city – state.

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What is the difference between modern and ancient Greek democracy?

The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern -day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens.

Did Greece have kings?

From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs —usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first, the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died, another leader was selected to take his place.

What are the similarities and differences between Sparta and Athens?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.

Is Athens or Sparta better?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

Why did Athens and Sparta not get along?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

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