FAQ: What Were Important Factors In Philip 2nds Success In Greece?

What made Philip of Macedon successful?

Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce—died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son

How did Philip conquer Greece?

Under the leadership of Thebes, the Greek City-States met Phillip’s army at Chaeronea in 338 BCE. Phillip’s new phalanx formation annihilated the Thebans and the rest of the Greek army. This was a great victory for Phillip II, and in its wake, he was master of nearly all of Greece.

Why did Philip II of Macedon conquer Greece?

Phillip II was able to conquer Greece by using the powerful Macedonian military that he had built up and because the Greeks had weakened themselves in the Peloponnesian War and could not agree on a unified response to the Macedonian threat.

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How did Philip the second take control of Greece?

How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.

What military tactic did Philip II use?

Answer: Philip used his military knowledge to strengthen the Macedonian army. His soldiers were trained to fight as a phalanx. A phalanx was a large group of foot soldiers armed with shields and spears.

What was one reason for the decline of Greece?

There were many reasons for the decline of ancient Greece. One primary reason was the fighting between the various city-states and the inability to form alliances with each other during a time of invasion by a stronger opponent like ancient Rome.

Why was Philip able to conquer Greece so easily?

Greece had been weakened by the Peloponnesian War. Philip II of Macedonia was able to conquer Greece because the Greek city-states were a. still occupied fighting the Persians.

Who killed Philip 2?

While the king was entering into the town’s theatre—he was unprotected in order to appear approachable to the Greek diplomats that were present at the time— Philip was slain by Pausanias of Orestis, one of his seven bodyguards.

When did King Philip II take control of Greece?

Philip II became Macedonia’s leader in 359, and was officially its king by 357. He used skilled military and diplomatic tactics to expand his country’s territory and influence, and ended up dominating almost of all of his neighboring Greek city-states.

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What change did Philip the second make after unifying Greece?

Answer: He created a strong Macedonian state that was stable and prosperous for many decades. He created a professional army that was arguably the best in the known world and conquered an empire. The army and the state that Phillip II created changed the history of Macedonia and Greece.

Why did Macedonia take control of Greece?

Macedonia was able to take control of all of Greece in the 340s BC because the Persian Empire had soundly defeated Athens and Sparta. Alexander the Great built the largest empire the world had ever seen. The Mycenaeans were probably peaceful traders with little or no military.

When did Macedonia invade Greece?

During the reign of the Argead king Philip II (359–336 BC), Macedonia subdued mainland Greece and the Thracian Odrysian kingdom through conquest and diplomacy. Macedonia (ancient kingdom)

Macedonia Μακεδονία
• Incorporated into the Persian Empire 492–479 BC
• Rise of Macedon 359–336 BC
• Founding of the Hellenic League 338–337 BC

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Did Macedonia conquer Greece?

The Macedonian hegemony over Greece was secured by their victory over a Greek coalition army led by Athens and Thebes, at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC. Expansion of Macedonia under Philip II.

Date 359–336 BC
Location Thrace, Illyria, Greece, Asia Minor
Result Macedonia expands to dominate Ancient Greece and the southern Balkans

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