- 1 Why is the Parthenon a good example of Greek architecture?
- 2 How is the Parthenon unique to Greek architecture?
- 3 What are the three types of Greek architecture?
- 4 What makes the Parthenon unique?
- 5 What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?
- 6 Who was the goddess of Athens?
- 7 What is the most famous piece of Greek architecture?
- 8 What does acropolis mean?
- 9 Did slaves build the Parthenon?
- 10 What is Pentelic marble?
- 11 What is the Stoa in Greek architecture?
- 12 What are Greek columns called?
- 13 What is Greek architecture famous for?
- 14 What is the top of a Greek temple called?
Why is the Parthenon a good example of Greek architecture?
The Ancient Greek temple known as the Parthenon has long since been considered a great illustration of the ideal, Classical architectural construction. Generally in art, the gods were shown in temples and cult-like areas to be used for sacrifices and religious reasons, such as Athena at the Parthenon.
How is the Parthenon unique to Greek architecture?
There are 46 outer columns and 19 inner columns. The columns are slightly tapered to give the temple a symmetrical appearance. The corner columns are larger in diameter than the other columns. Incredibly, the Parthenon contains no straight lines and no right angles, a true feat of Greek architecture.
What are the three types of Greek architecture?
Greek orders. There are three distinct orders in Ancient Greek architecture: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These three were adopted by the Romans, who modified their capitals.
What makes the Parthenon unique?
The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.
What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?
While both were built to honor gods, the Parthenon was built to honor Athena and the Pantheon was built to honor all of the Greek gods. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, was built between 447 and 432 B.C.E. during the aftermath of the Persian Wars to highlight the victory of the Greeks over the Persians.
Who was the goddess of Athens?
Athena offered the first domesticated olive tree. Cecrops accepted this gift and declared Athena the patron goddess of Athens.
What is the most famous piece of Greek architecture?
Perhaps the fullest, and most famous, expression of Classical Greek temple architecture is the Periclean Parthenon of Athens—a Doric order structure, the Parthenon represents the maturity of the Greek classical form.
What does acropolis mean?
The term “ acropolis ” means “high city” in Greek and can refer to one of many natural strongholds constructed on rocky, elevated ground in Greece, but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known.
Did slaves build the Parthenon?
The Parthenon was built primarily by men who knew how to work marble. Slaves and foreigners worked together with the Athenian citizens in the building of the Parthenon, doing the same jobs for the same pay.
What is Pentelic marble?
Pentelic marble from the quarries at Penteli north of Athens is a fine-grained calcitic marble. Pentelic marble was used for most of the major monuments of Classical Athens, especially from the 5th century BC onwards and was the first white marble to be used in significant quantities at Rome, in the 2nd century BC.
What is the Stoa in Greek architecture?
Stoa is an ancient Greek term applied to a type of long, narrow, free-standing building with a colonnaded façade. The stoa developed as an architectural form in Archaic Greece, and was most popular from the fifth through first centuries BCE.
What are Greek columns called?
(The) three types of columns are Doric, (Ionic), and Corinthian. The Doric column is (the) oldest and plainest. It is also (the) heaviest and the only one without (a) base. The Doric columns of ancient ( Greece ) were influenced by Egyptian architecture.
What is Greek architecture famous for?
Greek architecture is known for tall columns, intricate detail, symmetry, harmony, and balance. The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods.
What is the top of a Greek temple called?
Cornice- the topmost part of a classical entablature. Pediment- in classical architecture, the low-pitched gable, or triangular area formed by the two slopes of the low-pitched roof of a temple, framed by the horizontal and raking cornices and sometimes filled with sculpture.